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The Beretta Model 12 is a 9×19mm Parabellum caliber Submachine gun designed by Beretta. Production began in 1962 and was first purchased by the Italian army that same year. It debuted in combat during the Tet Offensive in 1968 when the Marines guarding the U.S. embassy in Saigon repelled the assault by the Viet Cong using the Beretta M12. It is also used by various South American and African countries, and made under license in Brazil by Taurus and in Indonesia by PT Pindad.
The Model 12 was redesigned as the Beretta Model 12S in 1978. The Model 12S uses a 32-round box magazine, and is chambered for the 9×19 mm NATO cartridge.