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The M16 is the U.S. military designation for the AR-15, designed by the ArmaLite Corporation in 1957. It was first put into service in 1963, becoming the standard U.S. assault rifle by 1969, replacing the M14 rifle.

The standard M16 fires the 5.56x45mm NATO round, but can be modified to fire different cartridges with the addition of a new barrel, bolt, and sometimes firing pin. With its long barrel, the rifle can be very accurate at anywhere up to 550 yards for a standard issue rifle, and even longer for specialized variants with heavier barrels such as the MK12. The M16 has a rate of fire of around 700-950 rounds per minute, depending on the model. The M16A2 and A4 variants fire in three-round burst or semi-automatic, while the original M16 and the A1 and A3 variants fire fully-automatic or semi-automatic.

It has been largely replaced by the lighter M4 Carbine in the U.S. military but still sees use in training and is still widely used by other militaries throughout the world.

The M16 appears in multiple installments of the Battlefield series.


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