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The BMW R75 was a motorcycle used by the German Army during World War II. Development started in 1938, with serial production taking place between 1941 and 1944, with a number of post-war vehicles being built in 1946 for the Soviet Union. Total manufacture was somewhere less than 20,000 units.
The vehicles were fitted with a locking differential and selectable road and off-road gear ratios through which all four and reverse gears worked. This made the R75 highly manoeuvrable and capable of negotiating most surfaces, giving it a good reputation during its extensive use in North Africa and Russia, as well as encouraging foreign powers to copy the design. During the war, the American XA42 was developed as a direct response to the R75, with modifications on the design being built in Russia, China, East Germany and Sweden in the years after.
The vehicle is the Axis counterpart to the XA42.