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The Harley-Davidson XA was a flat-twin shaft drive motorcycle made by Harley-Davidson for the US Army during World War II. During WWII, the US Army asked Harley-Davidson to design a specification of a motorcycle much like the BMW R75 used by German forces, with shaft drive, a boxer engine, and several other features that made the BMWs exceptionally reliable and low-maintenance machines. When production had began, the Jeep had become the Army's general purpose vehicle of choice, ending production after only 1000 XAs were produced.
It is the Allied counterpart to the R75.